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Treatment of Thyroid and Parathyroid Tumors

The Thyroid is a gland located at the bottom of the neck. It releases a hormone that manages the body’s metabolism. Tumors that develop on or in the thyroid have multiple methods of treatment.

Thyroidectomy

This surgery removes part or all of the thyroid and is the typical treatment of thyroid cancer. The procedure is usually done along with the initial biopsy. The biopsy determines whether the tumor is benign or not. Most nodules on the thyroid are benign and require no removal.

Radioactive Iodine

Thyroid cells have the unique ability to absorb iodine, which makes the radioactive iodine an effective form of chemotherapy. This treatment is applied following the removal of the tumor to destroy any remaining cancerous cells. Other cells in the body cannot absorb the iodine which prevents the typical sickness, hair loss, and nausea typically associated with chemotherapy.

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