Skin cancer occurs when a tumor is found in the outer layer of your skin.There are three types of skin cancer.
- Basal Cell Carcinoma – THe most common form of skin cancer appears as a small bump with a pearl-like appearance.
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma – This cancer looks like a red bump or ulceration that does not heal with treatment.
- Melanoma – Melanocytes, the cells that give pigment to skin, can become cancerous. Melanomas appear as multi-colored lesions with odd shapes and an irregular border
What are the Identifiable Signs of Skin Cancer?
- Sores on the skin that do not heal after treatment
- Nodules or bumps that are enlarged
- Difference in size, texture, or color of existing moles
What are the Treatments?
- Surgery – The most common form of treatment that removes the cancerous cells.
- Mohs Surgery – This form of surgery removes layers of skin until only the non-affected skin remains.
- Biopsy – This is used mainly for melanoma treatment. The lymph node will be biopsied to determine if there are cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy – This is used only in advanced melanoma cases to modulate the immune system.